No último dia 23/07/2021, participei de um mesa de debates no evento Quo Vadis? Arts and Humanities Research in the 21st Century, organizado pelo professor Stephen Hart, da UCL (University College of London). Junto nossa amiga Nefeli Zygopoulou, eu e Letícia Capanema apresentamos alguns resultados de nossas pesquisas recentes.
Catastrophic memories in Brazilian Cinema: Phantasmagoria, Anachronism, and Slavery.
Letícia Capanema (Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso)
Abstract: This study reports partial results of the research “Narratives of memories in cinema: remembrance, forgetting, and historical readability”, under development at the Department of Communication of the Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT – Brazil). Considering cinema as an expression of memories and historical gaze, we propose to discuss cinematographic representations of catastrophic past in Brazil, particularly the slavery period and the military dictatorship. Both past events structure the foundations of Brazilian society, and their effects are still present today. It is no coincidence that these events are being targeted by the negationist wave that has risen in Brazil in recent years. In order to discuss catastrophic memories in cinema, we highlight, in this panel, how slavery is represented in contemporary Brazilian films, such as “All the dead ones” (Caetano Gotardo and Marco Dutra) and “The white death of the black sorcerer” (Rodrigo Ribeiro). Released in 2020, both films approach the slavery period by the strategy of phantasmagoria, that is, how the slavery past haunts he post-abolition present. To analyze these films, we recover the notions of anachronism and survival explored by Georges Didi-Huberman (2013; 2015; 2018) based on his reading of Aby Warburg’s work, as well as Walter Benjamin’s (2012) ideas about history and barbarism. We discuss how audiovisual language makes history visible, not only recomposing the past, but also through the “political power of imagination” (Arendt, 1977; Didi-Huberman, 2020) that makes “survivals” of the past readable in the present.
Daniel Melo Ribeiro (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais)
Abstract: This study discusses the relations between decolonialism and critical cartography. We start from the consideration that the map is not a neutral support to represent space, translating power relations. Given this assumption, we ask the following question: how could the representation of space through maps criticize the logic of coloniality/modernity and reveal narratives that are subjugated by colonialism? We propose that the resistance to the discourse of coloniality could be explored in the indigenous counter-mapping practices. Keywords: decolonialism; counter-mapping, indigenous mapping
Agradecemos Nefeli por esse convite e pela oportunidade de compartilhar algumas reflexões sobre questões indígenas e raciais no Brasil.